Gastrointestinal Radiology & Imaging
Gastrointestinal radiology is a small field of diagnostic radiology, which helps in the imaging of any disparities and blocks amid any gastro-intestinal and stomach issue. Abdominal radiology includes imaging of the gastrointestinal and genito-urinary systems through CT, Fluoroscopy, MRI, Nuclear Medicine Techniques, Ultrasound, and X-Rays to evaluate organ transplants, presence of malignancies in the abdomen, IBD, and other pelvic disorders. Although, X-rays and CT initially were used in imaging, the advancements in the field of imaging and radiology have made it possible for a clearer and mode high defined imaging techniques through the use of MRI, Nuclear Imaging and endoscopy. Abdominal ultrasounds are commonly used to investigate problems in the gastrointestinal tract, genito-urinary tract and pelvic region. However, of all the developed radiation tests, ultrasound is considered the safest as it uses sound waves to create the imaging of organs on the screen. Abdominal Ultrasound is used in explorative investigation of abdominal pain, and deduces the presence of complications in the upper abdominal organs. It helps in identifying appendicitis, gallstones, inflammatory diseases, kidney stones, and liver diseases. Color Doppler is another type of imaging modality used to measure arterial and venous blood flow in the organs. Accurate imaging is crucial to address various abnormalities in the organs and after transplants. Endoscopic Ultrasound along with positron emission tomography (PET) scans is commonly used over CT and MRI as they are considered safer and are cost-effective.